Brown, Ford Maddox
English oil painter whose work is associated with that of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood,although he was never a member.
Ford Maddox Brown studied art from 1837 to 1839 in Bruges and Antwerp, Belgium. His early artwork is characterized by somber color and dramatic feeling suited to the Byronic subjects that he painted in Paris during 1840-43. During a visit to Italy in 1845, he met Peter von Cornelius, a member of the former Lukasbund, or Nazarenes. This meeting undoubtedly influenced both Ford Maddox Brown's palette and his style. His interest in brilliant, clear colour and neomedievalism first appears in Wyclif Reading His Translation of the Scriptures to John of Gaunt (1847). In 1848 Ford Maddox Brown briefly accepted Dante Gabriel Rossetti as a pupil, and in 1850 Ford Maddox Brown contributed to the Pre-Raphaelites' magazine, Germ. Like William Holman Hunt, Ford Maddox Brown painted in the open air to obtain naturalistic accuracy.
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