American painter, born in Lewiston, Maine. Marsden Hartley studied at the Cleveland School of Art and the Chase School and the National Academy of Design in New York City. Returning to Maine in 1901, he painted a series of impressionistic landscapes. In 1912 Marsden Hartley went to Europe, where he was influenced by the fauves and cubists in Paris and especially by the expressionists of Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider) group in Berlin. Marsden Hartley did abstract, vivid compositions suggested by German military motifs, such as Painting No. 5 (1914-1915, Whitney Museum, New York City). Subsequently he worked in Paris and southern France in the manner of the French painter Cezanne. Settling in Maine in the 1930s, Marsden Hartley evolved a highly personal style. Mountains, rocks, and fishermen filled his harshly colored, boldly outlined landscapes, seascapes, and genre scenes. Examples are Lobster Fishermen (1941, Metropolitan Museum, New York City) and Evening Storm, Schoodic, Maine (1942, Museum of Modern Art, New York City).
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