Leighton, Lord Frederic
English academic painter and sculptor, born in Scarborough, England (see Academic Art and Architecture). Lord Frederic Leighton began his art studies at the age of ten in Rome, Italy, and later studied in London, England; Dresden and Berlin, Germany; and Florence, Italy. On his return to London in 1855, his famous oil painting Cimabue's Madonna Carried in Procession Through the Streets of Florence was purchased by Queen Victoria. Lord Frederic Leighton painted mythological and historical subjects, and his espousal of classicism established his reputation in England. In 1868 he was made a Royal Academician, and he became president of the Royal Academy of Arts in 1878. The day before his death in 1896, Leighton was given the rank of baron, the first English painter to receive that distinction. Lord Frederic Leighton admired the rich coloring of the landscapes in Spain and Egypt and spent much time painting in those countries. He collected many objects from abroad for his opulent London home, now Leighton Museum.
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