French painter of intimate interior scenes, whose individualistic technique set him apart from most of his contemporaries. He studied art in Paris at the ?cole des Beaux-Arts and the Academie Julian. He exhibited with the Nabis group in 1891 but was only slightly influenced by them. His main inspiration was from the stylizations of Japanese prints and from the paintings of Pierre Puvis de Chavannes.
Much of Vuillard's work consisted of theater scenery, which is no longer extant. He also designed decorative panels and produced color lithographs. In his oil paintings, he confined himself primarily to scenes of cozy, cluttered interiors, often using his mother and sister as models. His delicate style is characterized by a lavish use of pattern: Wallpaper, upholstery, and dress fabrics are closely juxtaposed in his scenes to create an effect almost like collage. Vuillard's compositions are often daringly or playfully off-center in perspective, as in Artist's Mother and Sister in Studio (1893?, Museum of Modern Art, New York City). His work, although widely popular and extremely impressive on its own terms, was too far outside the mainstream of modern art to be of substantial influence.
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