This months featured oil painting is Manet's 'Nana'
(1832-1883) was born in Paris to an affluent and
well connected family. His mother, Eugenie-Desiree Fournier, was the
goddaughter of the Swedish Crown prince, Charles Bernadotte, from whom the
current Swedish monarchs are descended. His father, Auguste Manet, was a French
judge who expected Edouard to pursue a career in law. His uncle, Charles
Fournier, encouraged him to pursue oil painting and often took young Manet to
the Louvre. From 1850 to 1856, after failing the examination to join the navy,
Manet studied under the academic painter Couture. In his spare time he copied
the old master oil paintings in the Louvre. He visited Italy, Germany,
during which time he absorbed the influences of the Dutch oil painter Frans
Hals, and the Spanish artists Velaquez and Goya.
Nana is an example of one of Manet's later
artworks which follows Olympia
and Le Dejeuner sur lherbe. This oil painting is somewhat less shocking
then its predecessors because the woman is clothed. Still she remains similar
to the other two oil paintings in her defiant stare and prominence in the
painting. The fact that her male caller is such an unimportant part of the
composition did cause a stir. For a man to play such a minor role to woman, a
courtesan no less, in the same oil painting was not usually done. Everyone is
looking at Nana. The mirror is aimed at her and her caller is looking at her,
Nana is of course aware of her visitor. She in return stared out from the
center of the painting with a slight smile. Nana meets the eye of the viewer.
This was scandalous because it suggested that she was equal to the viewer or at
the very least not ashamed. The fact that Manet is putting a face on a
courtesan and is moving her into the public eye was not something that was done
at the time. Giving the courtesan in this oil painting a name clearly showed
everyone that such people existed at the time. Although everyone knew they
hated to be reminded and pretended that prostitution did not exist.