Macke, August BiographyGerman Expressionist painter, a prominent member of Der Blaue Reiter, a group of Expressionist artists that was centred in Munich.
August Macke was born in Meschede, Westphalia, and trained under Eduard von Gebhardt at the Dusseldorf Kunstakademie between 1904 and 1906. Macke was influenced, particularly in his earlier work, by his teacher Lovis Corinth, as well as by the Cubists and the Impressionists. A lyrical temperament, however, is revealed in his works, which avoid the often violent style and subject matter of his fellow Expressionists. His art combines the tradition of French painting-its sense of the grace of movement and atmosphere in landscape painting-with the cosmic sentiment of German art.
August Macke was also greatly influenced by the expressive colours of both the Fauvists and Robert Delaunay, whose work he saw on his visits to Paris in 1907 and 1912. After meeting Franz Marc and Wassily Kandinsky in Munich, he co-founded Der Blaue Reiter in 1911. Some of his most celebrated art works are the result of a trip to Tunisia in April 1914 with Louis Moilliet and Paul Klee, who were also associated with Der Blaue Reiter. Soon after his return, Macke joined the army and was killed in action that September at Perthes-les-Hurlus, France.
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